Tea and coffee cultivation in Nepal ProfessionalNov 3rd, 2023 at 11:34 Blogs Kathmandu 15 views Reference: 873
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Tea and coffee cultivation in Nepal.
Tea and coffee cultivation are important agricultural activities in Nepal, contributing to the country's economy and offering employment opportunities to many people. While both tea and coffee are grown in Nepal, tea has a longer history and more extensive cultivation, especially in certain regions. Here's an overview of tea and coffee cultivation in Nepal:
History: Tea cultivation in Nepal dates back to the mid-19th century. The British introduced tea plants to the eastern hilly regions, which provided favorable conditions for tea cultivation due to the climate and altitude.
Regions: The primary tea-growing regions in Nepal are in the eastern part of the country, particularly in the Ilam, Dhankuta, and Panchthar districts. These areas are known for producing high-quality orthodox tea.
Types: Nepal produces both orthodox and CTC (crush, tear, curl) tea. Orthodox tea, which is hand-processed and has distinct flavors, is often considered a specialty. CTC tea is more commonly used for mass production and tea bags.
Quality: Nepali tea has gained recognition for its unique taste and high quality. It's appreciated by tea connoisseurs, and there's growing demand for it in international markets.
Emerging Industry: Coffee cultivation in Nepal is relatively newer compared to tea, but it has been gaining momentum in recent years. Coffee plants thrive in the mid-hills and lower mountain regions.
Regions: Coffee is grown in several districts, including the Gulmi, Palpa, and Kaski districts in the western region, as well as parts of the eastern hills.
Quality: Nepali coffee is gaining recognition for its specialty status, with small-scale farmers focusing on high-quality Arabica coffee. The elevation and climate of some regions are conducive to producing unique flavors in the beans.
Challenges: The coffee industry in Nepal faces challenges such as limited infrastructure, access to markets, and ensuring quality standards, but efforts are being made to address these issues.
Both tea and coffee cultivation provide income to many small-scale farmers in Nepal. These crops have potential for further growth, and the development of the tea and coffee industries contributes to rural development and the country's export earnings. Sustainable and high-quality production practices are being promoted to enhance the competitiveness of Nepali tea and coffee in the global market.