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The monarchy and Nepal's transition to a federal democratic republic Professional

Nov 3rd, 2023 at 06:14   Blogs   Kathmandu   79 views Reference: 882

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  • The monarchy and Nepal's transition to a federal democratic republic.

  • Nepal's transition from a monarchy to a federal democratic republic is a significant and historic event in the country's recent history. This transition took place over the course of several years and was marked by various political developments, movements, and constitutional changes. Here's an overview of this transition:

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  • Monarchy in Nepal: Nepal was a monarchy for centuries, with the Shah dynasty holding power. King Gyanendra was the last king to rule before Nepal became a federal democratic republic. The monarchy played a central role in the country's political and social life, but it faced growing demands for democratic reforms and inclusivity.

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  • Maoist Insurgency: One of the key factors that influenced Nepal's transition was the decade-long Maoist insurgency, which started in the mid-1990s. The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) led a guerrilla war against the government, seeking to overthrow the monarchy and establish a communist state. The insurgency led to significant political instability and violence.

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  • People's Movement of 2006: In 2006, a popular uprising known as the "April Revolution" or "People's Movement II" took place in Nepal. This movement aimed to restore democracy, end the absolute power of the monarchy, and address issues related to social justice, representation, and inclusivity. The movement led to a peace agreement between the government and the Maoists.

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  • Constitutional Changes: The Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2006 paved the way for significant constitutional changes. The Interim Constitution of Nepal was promulgated, leading to the establishment of a temporary government structure with an elected Constituent Assembly tasked with drafting a new constitution.

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  • Abolition of the Monarchy: The Constituent Assembly decided to abolish the monarchy, and Nepal officially became a federal democratic republic on May 28, 2008. This marked the end of the Shah dynasty's rule, and the country transitioned to a new political system where the people held the highest authority through their elected representatives.

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  • New Constitution: After years of discussions, debates, and negotiations, Nepal adopted a new constitution on September 20, 2015. The constitution established Nepal as a federal democratic republic with a multi-tiered federal structure, providing for greater representation and self-governance at the local level.

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  • Nepal's transition to a federal democratic republic represented a significant step toward addressing historical inequalities and empowering diverse communities within the country. However, like any major political transformation, it has faced challenges and ongoing efforts to ensure effective governance, inclusivity, and social progress.

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The monarchy and Nepal's transition to a federal democratic republic

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